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Titre : 
Introduction to sociology / John Biesanz,... [and] Mavis Biesanz
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Date(s) : 
cop. 1969
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Etats-Unis d'Amérique
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Description : 
1 vol. (XIV-651 p.) : ill. ; 24 cm
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1: Science of society. - What is sociology?. - Status of sociology. - Sociology and other disciplines. - Scientific approach to knowledge. - Sociological theory and research. - Uses of sociological perspective. - Part 1: Man And His Culture. - 2: Nature of culture. - Culture as configuration of behavior patterns and understandings. - Culture as learned behavior. - Culture as shard by members of a human group. - Uniformities in the content of culture. - Variations in culture. - 3: Functions of culture. - How culture adapts man as a species to his physical environment. - Culture provides the individual with patterns for behavior. - Culture fosters the unity and survival of human societies. - Culture and personal freedom. - 4: Cultural integration. - Factors in cultural integration. - American cultural themes. - 5: Importance Of The Culture Concept. - Ethnocentrism. - Cultural relativity. - Uses of the culture concept. - Part 2: Man And Society. - 6: Social interaction and social structure. - What is a society?. - Meaning of social organization. - Processes of social interaction. - Social relationships. - Unorganized behavior. - Social groups. - Structure of groups: status and role. - 7: Types of social organization. - Ways of classifying groups. - Importance of group size. - Primary and secondary relationships. - Formal and informal organization. - Functions and consequences of social organization. - Group cohesion. - Communal and associational societies. - 8: Social stratification: systems and theories. - What is social stratification?. - Variations in systems of stratification. - Origins and consequences of social stratification: three views. - 9: Social class structure and its consequences. - Distribution of economic rewards. - Status groups: American community studies. - Distribution of power. - Social class structure at the national level. - Social class and life chances. - Social classes as subcultures. - Social mobility. - 10: Intergroup relations in a multigroup society. - Race and racism. - Prejudice and discrimination. - Patterns of intergroup relations. - 11: Patterns of intergroup relations in the United States. - Nationality divisions. - Religious groupings. - American social structure. - Negroes in the new world. - Costs of discrimination and minority status. - Nature of the negro subsociety. - Goals and means in interracial relations. - Part 3: Person In Culture And Society. - 12: Theoretical approaches to personality development. - Biological determinism. - Cultural determinism and Marxism. - Behaviorism. - Psychoanalytic theory. - Social psychological theory. - Uniqueness of personality. - 13: Self and interpersonal relations. - George Herbert Mead: mind, self, and society. - Implications of symbolic interactionist theory. - Self-conception. - Self and others. - 14: Norms and behavior: conformity. - Nature of norms. - Creation of social norms. - Patterns of norm-oriented behavior. - Functional and dysfunctional conformity. - Motives and conformity. - Changing modes of conformity. - Group pressures and conformity. - 15: Norms and behavior: deviance and autonomy. - Ways of classifying deviant behavior. - Functions and dysfunctions of deviant behavior. - Interaction of person and situation in deviance from norms. - Anomie, alienation, and deviance. - Social structure, anomie, and deviant behavior: Merton's theory. - Subcultures, group support, and deviance. - Culture, social structure, and deviance. - Process of becoming a deviant. - Autonomous behavior. - Part 4: Social And Cultural Change. - 16: Process of social and cultural change. - What is social and cultural change?. - Theoretical approaches to social change. - Sources of change. - Processes of change. - Selective accumulation of culture. - Integration of new cultural elements. - Collective behavior. - Role of prediction. - 17: Modernization as the great transformation. - Differences between traditional society and modern society. - Industrialization of England. - Economic development the continuing industrial revolution. - 18: Population: its growth and distribution. - Rate of population growth. - Approaches to the population problem. - Urban trend. - Ecology of the city. - Social characteristics of urban life. - Significance of the suburban trend. - Rural life in modern society. - Problems of the metropolitan area. - Future of urban society. - Part 5: Social Institutions In A Changing World. - 19: Marriage and the family. - Forms of the family. - Functions of the family. - Family in a changing world. - American family. - Future of the family. - 20: Economic Institutions. - Definition of an economy. - Decisions of production. - Decisions of distribution. - Who makes economic decisions?. - Basic economic institutions. - Pre-industrial economic systems and philosophies. - Laissez Faire and the capitalist system. - Changes in the American economy. - Marxism and the Soviet economy. - 21: Political institutions. - Basic concepts. - Functions of government. - Forms and philosophies of government. - Changes in government. - Other works to read. - Index
Annexes : 
Bibliogr. p. 618-638. Index
Résumé(s) : 
"We believe this book has several distinctive features of content, theme, and treatment that an instructor teaching the introductory course in sociology will find valuable. The content reflects our concern with two values that are in critical balance in our time of rapid social change: the freedom and dignity of the individual, and the cohesion of a free society. Two chapters deal with the divisions and inequalities of social stratification, two deal with the tensions among racial, religious, and nationality groups. Part three is devoted to the person-not only as a socialized member of a group, but also as a being with a self-conception who adopts varying modes of behavior-conformity, deviance, or autonomy-in relation to norms. We introduce the theme of change as early as Chapter 7, in comparing folk and urban societies, and we develop it further in Part Four, in chapters on theories and processes of change, modernization as the great transformation, and the population explosion and urban trend. Part Five deals with the family, the economy, and political systems as "Social Institutions in a Changing World"" (préface)
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